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English Phonemes & Phonics

In any language, unless we pronounced words correctly, the four skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) will be difficult.

If you arrange the English "voice to sentence" in order,

" (1) Voices → (2) Phonemes → (3) Syllables → (4) Words → (5) A sentence → (6) Sentence "

There are 6 stages. The structure and learning contents are as follows.

Procedure Structure Learning content
 (1) Voices Consonant / Vowel Pronunciation Practice with 3 elements (Stance, Tone adjustment, Volume)
 (2) Phonemes Consonant phonemes / vowel phonemes (concatenation of voice / spelling) Learn the "pronunciation / spelling" of phonemes
 (3) Syllables One vowel phoneme + consonant phonemes before and after connection Understanding syllables
 (4) Words concatenation of word syllables Memorize "pronunciation / spelling" for each syllable
 (5) A sentence words concatenation Learning English grammar
 (6) Sentences Single sentence concatenation English reading comprehension

English "voices / spelling" is related to
"voices  ↔  phonemes  ↔  spelling",
it means that phonemes have voices & spelling.



The relationship between phonemes & the four skills are as follows.

【Hearing】 【speaking】 【Reading】】 【writing】
 (1) Voices ①Listen to the voice, ④pronounce the voice. - -
 (2) Phonemes recognize it with phonemes, on phonemes recognize it with phonemes. On phonemes
 (3) Syllables (③in syllable units) (②in syllable units) (②in syllable units) (②in syllable units)
 (4) Words ④select a word. ①Select a word, ①Looking at the spelling, ③spell it.

 【Hearing】 Listen to the voice, recognize it with phonemes, (in syllable units) select a word.
 【speaking】 Select a word, (in syllable units) on phonemes pronounce the voice.
 【Reading】 Looking at the spelling, (in syllable units) recognize it with phonemes. -
 【writing】 On phonemes (in syllable units) spell it. -


If you want to memorize English words,
do not connect directly with
[Meaning = Spelling] and [Meaning = Voices].
Connect with [Meaning = Phonemes],
and derive and remember "Spelling" and "Voices" from Phonemes.

For example,if you want to memorize [(pencil)] ,
do not connect directly with
【[(Meaning)] = pencil (Spelling)】or
【[(Meaning)] = [ˈpensʌl] (Voices)】.
Connect with 【[(Meaning)] = (pĔn・sŭl) (Phonemes)】
and deriveand remember "pencil (Spelling)" and "[ˈpensʌl] (Voices)" from "(pĔn・sŭl) (Phonemes)".




The chart below shows the three pronunciation elements of "(1) Voices (consonants and vowels)".


(1) Consonant table / Vowel table

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(2) Pronunciation method

The 3 elements of pronunciation
[1] Positioning [2] Tone [3] Volume
 Consonants  place of articulation  exhalation / friction  voiceless or voiced
Hold the lower lip or tongue in contact with organs such as upper teeth. The sound is adjusted by the combination of how to exhale and the presence or absence of friction. Makes voiceless or voiced due to the absence of vocal cord vibration.
 Vowels  vowel tongue positions  hard or soft / long or short  stress or stressless
Hold the tongue in any of the 9 locations: 3 (front, center, and back) × 3 (upper, middle, and lower) =9 locations. It is the tension or relaxation tones, and a combination of long or short vowels. Makes a strong vowel or a weak vowel depending on the stress or stressless.






This site is an excerpt from the Kindle version of " English Phonemes and Phonics (英語音素とフォニックス)".



"② Phonemes " learning with "pronunciation / spelling" charts phonics and explains the relationship between the four skills.

We hope this will be an opportunity for you to learn English phonemes.


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