English Phonemes ＆ Phonics
In any language, unless we pronounced words correctly, the four skills
(listening, speaking, reading, and writing) will be difficult.
If you arrange the English "voice to sentence" in order,
" (1) Voices → (2) Phonemes → (3) Syllables → (4) Words → (5) A sentence → (6) Sentence "
There are 6 stages. The structure and learning contents are as follows.
|(1) Voices||Consonant / Vowel Pronunciation||Practice with 3 elements (Stance, Tone adjustment, Volume)|
|(2) Phonemes||Consonant phonemes / vowel phonemes (concatenation of voice / spelling)||Learn the "pronunciation / spelling" of phonemes|
|(3) Syllables||One vowel phoneme + consonant phonemes before and after connection||Understanding syllables|
|(4) Words||concatenation of word syllables||Memorize "pronunciation / spelling" for each syllable|
|(5) A sentence||words concatenation||Learning English grammar|
|(6) Sentences||Single sentence concatenation||English reading comprehension|
English "voices / spelling" is related to
it means that phonemes have voices & spelling.
The relationship between phonemes & the four skills are as follows.
|(1) Voices||①Listen to the voice,||④pronounce the voice.||-||-|
|(2) Phonemes||②recognize it with phonemes,||③on phonemes||③recognize it with phonemes.||①On phonemes|
|(3) Syllables||(③in syllable units)||(②in syllable units)||(②in syllable units)||(②in syllable units)|
|(4) Words||④select a word.||①Select a word,||①Looking at the spelling,||③spell it.|
|【Hearing】||Listen to the voice,||recognize it with phonemes,||(in syllable units)||select a word.|
|【speaking】||Select a word,||(in syllable units)||on phonemes||pronounce the voice.|
|【Reading】||Looking at the spelling,||(in syllable units)||recognize it with phonemes.||-|
|【writing】||On phonemes||(in syllable units)||spell it.||-|
If you want to memorize English words,
do not connect directly with
[Meaning = Spelling] and [Meaning = Voices].
Connect with [Meaning = Phonemes],
and derive and remember "Spelling" and "Voices" from Phonemes.
For example,if you want to memorize [(pencil)] ,
do not connect directly with
【[(Meaning)] ＝ pencil (Spelling)】or
【[(Meaning)] ＝ [ˈpensʌl] (Voices)】.
Connect with 【[(Meaning)] ＝ (pĔn・sŭl) (Phonemes)】
and deriveand remember "pencil (Spelling)" and "[ˈpensʌl] (Voices)" from "(pĔn・sŭl) (Phonemes)".
The chart below shows the three pronunciation elements of "(1) Voices (consonants and vowels)".
(1) Consonant table / Vowel table
(2) Pronunciation method
|The 3 elements of pronunciation|
| Positioning|| Tone|| Volume|
|Consonants||place of articulation||exhalation / friction||voiceless or voiced|
|Hold the lower lip or tongue in contact with organs such as upper teeth.||The sound is adjusted by the combination of how to exhale and the presence or absence of friction.||Makes voiceless or voiced due to the absence of vocal cord vibration.|
|Vowels||vowel tongue positions||hard or soft / long or short||stress or stressless|
|Hold the tongue in any of the 9 locations: 3 (front, center, and back) × 3 (upper, middle, and lower) ＝9 locations.||It is the tension or relaxation tones, and a combination of long or short vowels.||Makes a strong vowel or a weak vowel depending on the stress or stressless.|
This site is an excerpt from the Kindle version of " English Phonemes and Phonics (英語音素とフォニックス)".
learning with "pronunciation / spelling" charts phonics and explains the relationship between the four skills.
We hope this will be an opportunity for you to learn English phonemes.
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